Periodontal Disease and Treatment

Periodontal disease is the inflammation and infection of tooth supporting structures including gums and/ or underlying bone.

Periodontal Disease and Treatment

Periodontal Disease and Treatment

Periodontal disease is the inflammation and infection of tooth supporting structures including gums and/ or underlying bone. It is caused by the bacteria living in dental plaque. Plaque eventually hardens into calculus. In early stage gum disease, plaque and calculus are confined to the gum tissues, irritating the area causing gingivitis. Simple scale and cleaning procedures with improved home care can effectively treat this problem.

In the advanced stages of gum disease, the plaque and calculus damage not only the gum tissues but also the underlying bone structures holding the teeth in the jaw. As this process continues, gaps or ‘pockets’ form between the teeth and gum tissues as bone is lost. Untreated teeth become loose and can fall out.

Treatment at this stage involves scaling and root planing. This is cleaning beneath the gum line in areas where pockets are present. Often local anaesthetic is required to help numb the area. Areas of persistent inflammation may need periodontal flap surgery or referral to a periodontist (gum specialist).

Signs of gum disease you can recognize include:

Some people are more at risk of developing periodontal disease than others. Risk factors for periodontal disease include:

Periodontal disease can be treated and healthy gums maintained. Please contact our surgery for further information or diagnosis and treatment of this disease.

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